Mansfield is a suburban city in the U.S. state of Texas, and is part of the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex area. The city is located mostly in Tarrant county, with small parts in Ellis and Johnson counties. Its location is approximately 30 miles from Dallas and 20 miles from Fort Worth, and is adjacent to Arlington. As of the 2010 census, the population was 56,368, up from 28,031 in 2000. The estimated population in 2020 is 73,550.
The first wave of European settlers arrived in the rolling Cross Timbers country of north central Texas in the 1840s. Primarily of Scotch-Irish origins, these pioneer farmers came for the most part from southern states, following the frontier as it shifted west of the Mississippi. They entered an area where Native Americans had been living for thousands of years. The Comanche posed a serious threat to the settlers, and in 1849, the U.S. Army established Fort Worth to protect the farms along the sparsely populated frontier.
The area southeast of the fort (and of the Trinity River) was well protected and presumably fairly well settled by the early 1850s. In one well-documented case, eight related families migrated to the area in 1853 from Illinois. Three of the four Gibson brothers in this group established homesteads about 4 miles (6 km) northwest of present-day Mansfield. This settlement, which became known as the Gibson Community, included a school and a church building by 1860.
When Ralph Sandiford Mann and Julian Feild arrived around 1856 and built a grist mill at the crossroads that was to become the center of Mansfield, the beginnings of the community probably existed in the oak groves bordering Walnut Creek (originally called Cedar Bluff Creek). The Walnut Creek Congregation of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church had organized itself in 1854. Members met in each other's homes, so it is suspected that there was a cluster of houses in the area.
In 1856, Julian Feild purchased 540 acres (2.2 km2) in the Mansfield area. Man and Feild completed their three-story brick grist mill sometime between 1856 and 1859. The mill, which produced flour and meal, was the first built in North Texas to utilize steam power and enjoyed patronage as far south as San Antonio and as far north as Oklahoma. The location of the mill in southeastern Tarrant County perhaps reflects the advanced state of wheat cultivation in the area and the ready availability of wood to feed the mill's steam boilers.
Feild opened a general merchandise store at the same time as the mill, located across Broad Street. He built a log house for his family, which also served as an inn for travelers and customers. By 1860, the nucleus of the future city existed. The first post office was established that year, with Julian Feild as postmaster.
During the American Civil War, the Man and Feild Mill supplied meal and flour to the Confederate States Army, hauling it to Shreveport, Louisiana, and Jefferson City, Missouri. As was common practice, the owners tithed ten percent of the mill's production to the Confederacy. The small community around the mill was unique in Tarrant County in that it prospered throughout the Civil War. "Feild's Freighters", assembled in ox-drawn wagon trains, went as far as Fort Sill, Oklahoma, where a part of the Indian Wars raged in the southern plains in the late 1860s and 1870s.
The prospering community which had grown up around the Man and Feild mill took on the name of "Mansfeild", a combination of the names of the founders. Repeated misspellings over the years resulted in the acceptance of the conventional spelling of "Mansfield." The town incorporated in 1909, continuing to be a hub for the surrounding farmland.
In 1956, a federal court ordered the Mansfield Independent School District to desegregate; the first such order in Texas. Protests by 300 whites in front of Mansfield High School, to prevent three black students from enrolling, touched off one of the longest-running desegregation battles of the Civil Rights Movement. Mansfield's school quietly desegregated in 1965 as it faced a lack of federal funds.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 36.4 square miles (94.3 km2), of which 36.4 square miles (94.2 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km2), or 0.12%, is water.
|Climate data for Mansfield, Texas|
|Average high °F (°C)||56 |
|Average low °F (°C)||33 |
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||2.07 |
|U.S. Decennial Census|
|Black or African American (NH)||15,539||21.4%|
|Native American or Alaska Native (NH)||251||0.35%|
|Pacific Islander (NH)||54||0.07%|
|Some Other Race (NH)||331||0.46%|
|Hispanic or Latino||13,424||18.49%|
According to the 2020 United States census, there were 72,602 people, 22,760 households, and 18,066 families residing in the city. The racial and ethnic makeup as of 2020 was 49.04% non-Hispanic white, 21.4% African American, 0.35% Native American, 5.48% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 0.46% some other race, 4.72% multiracial, and 18.49% Hispanic or Latino of any race. The racial and ethnic composition of the population in 2010 was 64.4% non-Hispanic white, 14.2% black or African American, 0.6% Native American, 1.5% Vietnamese, 2.2% other Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.2% non-Hispanic from some other race, 2.8% from two or more races and 15.4% Hispanic or Latino. 5,996 of the city's population are foreign-born.
According to information released by the city government, the largest employers of Mansfield as of 2021 were:
|#||Employer||# of Employees|
|2||Methodist Mansfield Medical Center||1,428|
|5||City of Mansfield TX||485|
|8||SJ Louis Construction of TX||175|
|10||Universal Air Condition||148|
|11||Southern Champion Tray||143|
Arts and culture
Established in 1917, Farr Best Theater is the city's historical venue for concerts, musical revue and live performances. Even though ownership of the theater has changed hands many times since its inception, the Farr family still resides in Mansfield.
For softball and baseball tournaments, Big League Dreams has eight replica baseball fields and an indoor soccer pavilion.
The Mansfield Historical Museum chronicles the city's history from a prairie outpost in the past to a thriving community now.
Hawaiian Falls Water Park is a 10 acres (4.0 ha) destination during the hot summer months; while Historic Mansfield is being revitalized to be a year-round destination. Downtown hosts annual festivals such as the Hot Beats and Cold Brews Festival, the Hometown Holiday Parade and St. Patrick's Day Pickle Parade.
Mansfield has an extensive park system including 11 parks, 3.5 mi (5.6 km) of hiking/biking trail, an 80 acres (32 ha) nature park, an activity center, and four athletics fields. Mansfield also has two renowned golf courses: Mansfield National Golf Course and Walnut Creek Country Club.
The Mansfield Independent School District includes all portions of Mansfield in Tarrant and Johnson counties. The portion in Ellis County is zoned to the Midlothian Independent School District.
Mansfield ISD has a total enrollment of 32,638 students.[when?] The high schools in the district are Mansfield High School, Mansfield Summit High School, Mansfield Timberview High School, Mansfield Legacy High School, Frontier High School , Mansfield Lake Ridge High School, Mansfield Early College High School, and the Alternative Education Center consisting of the ACE program and the BIC program. There are 23 elementary schools, 6 intermediate schools, and 6 middle schools. Most district schools (except high schools) are named after notable former teachers and educators from the Mansfield School District. The district's athletic facilities are the Vernon Newsom Stadium and MISD Natatorium which make up the MISD Multi-Purpose Athletics Complex and the RL Anderson Football Stadium located near downtown. The recently opened Center for Performing Arts consists of two venues: the 5,500-seat Claude H. Cunningham Performance Hall and the John Washington Professional Development Center which accommodates 500. Beginning in the fall semester of 2011, Frontier High School opened its doors to students who applied and were accepted to the school. Frontier High School, located within the Ben Barber Career Tech Academy, will feature state-of-the-art technology with individual laptops provided for each student enrolled in its programs. The focus of the campus is to provide students with a college experience by allowing technology to be more easily integrated into the classroom. Cellphones are allowed to be used throughout the entire campus and in the classroom at teacher discretion. The library has also been turned into a student area referred to as the "cube". Designed as an area for students to do work, Frontier students have found that it is severely overcrowded and concerns have been voiced. Mansfield ISD also has programs with Tarrant County College to provide students with dual credit options to allow them to gain college hours in high school.
Tarrant County residents are zoned to Tarrant County College (formerly Tarrant County Junior College). Portions in Ellis County are zoned to Navarro College. Portions in Johnson County are zoned to Hill College.
Mansfield school desegregation incident
Mansfield has two acute-care hospitals: Methodist Mansfield Medical Center, a 200+-bed hospital of the Methodist Health System in Dallas; and Texas Health Mansfield, an 59-bed hospital that is a joint venture between Texas Health Resources and AdventHealth. Mansfield also has five nursing homes, several urgent care centers, Kindred Hospital—an acute care rehab hospital, Baylor Surgicare at Mansfield—a day surgery center, three assisted living/senior apartments, two Cook Children's clinics and a Cook Children's Specialty Care Facility under construction.
Twin towns and sister cities
- Brandon Bantz, baseball player
- Burley Bearden (1917–1997), football coach
- Tex Bradford (1899–1975), football player and medical doctor
- Kennedy Brooks, football player
- John Chiles, football player
- David Cook, Republican member of the Texas House of Representatives and former mayor of Mansfield
- Marcus Cromartie, football player
- Josh Doctson, football player
- Troy Dorsey, boxer
- John Howard Griffin (1920–1980), civil rights activist, author of the award-winning book Black Like Me
- Chris Harris, politician and attorney
- Adrianne Jones, murder victim
- David Mann, actor and singer
- Tamela Mann, actress and singer
- Gil Meche, baseball player
- Drake Milligan, country singer
- Tevin Mitchel, professional gridiron football player
- Ella Mae Morse, pop singer
- Rees Odhiambo, football player
- Lenzy Pipkins, football player
- Hassan Ridgeway, football player
- Dan Rodimer, wrestler
- Quinn Sharp, football player
- John Hall Stephens (1847–1924), U.S. Congressman of Texas
- Noah Syndergaard, professional baseball player
- Stepfan Taylor, football player
- Jordan Walden, baseball player
- Andrew Wamsley, convicted murderer
- ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
- ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 10, 2014.
- ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
- ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): Mansfield city, Texas". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved March 25, 2016.
- ^ "Demographics - Mansfield Economic Development".
- ^ Hart, Jan (2010-06-15). "MANSFIELD, TX". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 19 June 2011.
- ^ "Monthly Averages for Mansfield, TX (76063)". Weather.com. Retrieved March 20, 2012.
- ^ a b "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved 2022-05-22.
- ^ https://www.census.gov/[not specific enough to verify]
- ^ "About the Hispanic Population and its Origin". www.census.gov. Retrieved 18 May 2022.
- ^ 2010 general profile of population and housing characteristics of Mansfield from the US Census
- ^ https://www.mansfield-texas.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/11/Top-Employers-2021.pdf[bare URL PDF]
- ^ "2020 CENSUS - SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP: Tarrant County, TX" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2022-06-30.
- ^ "2020 CENSUS - SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP: Johnson County, TX" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2022-06-30.
- ^ "2020 CENSUS - SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP: Ellis County, TX" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2022-06-30.
- ^ Texas Education Code, Sec. 130.181. HILL COLLEGE DISTRICT SERVICE AREA. Sec. 130.189. NAVARRO COLLEGE DISTRICT SERVICE AREA. Sec. 130.201. TARRANT COUNTY JUNIOR COLLEGE DISTRICT SERVICE AREA. - The assigned community college depends on the county.
- ^ Griffin, John Howard. Black Like Me. Boston, Massachusetts: Houghton Mifflin Company.
- ^ Hollandsworth, Skip. "The Killer Cadets" (Archive). Texas Monthly. December 1996. Retrieved on December 29, 2015.
- Official website