Doksany

Municipality in Ústí nad Labem, Czech Republic
Flag of Doksany
Flag
Coat of arms of Doksany
Coat of arms
50°27′18″N 14°9′40″E / 50.45500°N 14.16111°E / 50.45500; 14.16111Coordinates: 50°27′18″N 14°9′40″E / 50.45500°N 14.16111°E / 50.45500; 14.16111Country Czech RepublicRegionÚstí nad LabemDistrictLitoměřiceFirst mentioned1151Area
 • Total3.12 km2 (1.20 sq mi)Elevation
156 m (512 ft)Population
 (2022-01-01)[1]
 • Total436 • Density140/km2 (360/sq mi)Time zoneUTC+1 (CET) • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)Postal code
411 82
Websitewww.obec-doksany.cz

Doksany (German: Doxan) is a municipality and village in Litoměřice District in the Ústí nad Labem Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 400 inhabitants.

History

Courtyard of the convent complex

The oldest settlement dates back between 4500 and 2500 BC. In 1993, archaeologists discovered more ancient buildings and settlements that dated back to the same period of time. The first written mention of Doksany is from 1151 by chronicler Vincencius, who wrote about the Doksany convent.[2] It was probably founded in 1144 by Gertrude of Babenberg and Vladislaus II as the second convent in the kingdom.[3]

Geography

Doksany is located about 9 kilometres (6 mi) south of Litoměřice, 24 km (15 mi) south of Ústí nad Labem, and 42 km (26 mi) northwest of Prague. It lies in a flat agricultural landscape of the Lower Eger Table. It lies on the right bank of the Ohře river, which forms the western municipal border.

Climate

During the June 2019 European heat wave, Doksany broke the record for the hottest temperature in June in the Czech Republic.[4] The Czech Hydrometeorological Institute claimed that the temperature reached 38.5 °C (101.3 °F) and warned that it could change to 40 degrees Celsius.[5]

Climate data for Doksany (1991−2020 normals, extremes 1985−present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 16.7
(62.1)
19.6
(67.3)
23.9
(75.0)
30.4
(86.7)
33.0
(91.4)
38.9
(102.0)
38.7
(101.7)
39.4
(102.9)
34.9
(94.8)
28.0
(82.4)
19.3
(66.7)
15.7
(60.3)
39.4
(102.9)
Average high °C (°F) 2.4
(36.3)
5.4
(41.7)
10.1
(50.2)
16.6
(61.9)
21.1
(70.0)
24.5
(76.1)
26.7
(80.1)
26.6
(79.9)
21.2
(70.2)
14.5
(58.1)
7.7
(45.9)
3.3
(37.9)
15.0
(59.0)
Daily mean °C (°F) −0.2
(31.6)
1.6
(34.9)
5.0
(41.0)
9.9
(49.8)
14.5
(58.1)
17.9
(64.2)
19.9
(67.8)
19.6
(67.3)
15.1
(59.2)
10.0
(50.0)
4.8
(40.6)
1.0
(33.8)
9.9
(49.9)
Average low °C (°F) −2.7
(27.1)
−2.2
(28.0)
0.0
(32.0)
3.4
(38.1)
7.9
(46.2)
11.5
(52.7)
13.1
(55.6)
12.7
(54.9)
9.1
(48.4)
5.6
(42.1)
2.0
(35.6)
−1.3
(29.7)
4.9
(40.9)
Record low °C (°F) −23.7
(−10.7)
−22.1
(−7.8)
−15.5
(4.1)
−10.2
(13.6)
−2.7
(27.1)
1.4
(34.5)
2.9
(37.2)
3.4
(38.1)
−1.4
(29.5)
−8.8
(16.2)
−11.3
(11.7)
−29.4
(−20.9)
−29.4
(−20.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 132.9
(5.23)
233.2
(9.18)
170.8
(6.72)
97.4
(3.83)
146.3
(5.76)
158.4
(6.24)
179.4
(7.06)
188.0
(7.40)
148.0
(5.83)
92.3
(3.63)
94.8
(3.73)
104.7
(4.12)
1,746.3
(68.75)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 9.5 9.7 11.8 11.7 13.8 13.3 14.0 14.4 12.7 12.7 12.2 10.5 146.3
Source: infoclimat.fr[6][better source needed]

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1869625—    
1880934+49.4%
1890857−8.2%
1900769−10.3%
1910736−4.3%
YearPop.±%
1921647−12.1%
1930626−3.2%
1950489−21.9%
1961527+7.8%
1970538+2.1%
YearPop.±%
1980471−12.5%
1991371−21.2%
2001369−0.5%
2011378+2.4%
2021447+18.3%
Source: Censuses[7][8]

Economy

There is a small hydropower plant on the Ohře river. It is part of a historic weir from 1937.[9]

Sights

Doksany is known for the Premonstratensian Convent with the Church of the Nativity of Mary. The religious community still lives in it, but under certain conditions it is open to the public.[10]

References

  1. ^ "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2022". Czech Statistical Office. 2022-04-29.
  2. ^ "Obec: Historie" (in Czech). Obec Doksany. Retrieved 2021-07-28.
  3. ^ "1144 – 1782" (in Czech). Premonstratensian Convent. Retrieved 2021-07-28.
  4. ^ "V Česku padaly teplotní rekordy, kvůli vedru se ohnuly i kolejnice!" [Temperature records in the Czech Republic were set, rails also bent due to the heat!]. tn.nova.cz (in Czech). 2019-06-26. Archived from the original on 2019-06-29. Retrieved 2019-07-27.
  5. ^ "Europe sets heat records as much of continent sizzles". Associated Press. Written in Berlin. 2019-06-26. Retrieved 2020-07-16.
  6. ^ "Normales et records pour la période 1991-2020 à Doksany". infoclimat.fr. Retrieved May 28, 2022.
  7. ^ "Historický lexikon obcí České republiky 1869–2011 – Okres Litoměřice" (in Czech). Czech Statistical Office. 2015-12-21. pp. 3–4.
  8. ^ "Population Census 2021: Population by sex". Public Database. Czech Statistical Office. 2021-03-27.
  9. ^ "Historický jez v Doksanech otevřel brány veřejnosti" (in Czech). Deník.cz. 2019-09-08. Retrieved 2022-06-13.
  10. ^ "Klášter sester premonstrátek Doksany" (in Czech). Premonstratensian Convent. Retrieved 2022-06-13.

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